What are some common sleep disorders?
There are a number of different types of sleep disorders that can impair your sleep health. People with sleep disorders frequently experience symptoms like daytime fatigue, morning headaches, and difficulty concentrating.
Sleep disorders can lead to poor performance at work or school and increase your risk of accidents and injuries. Common sleep disorders include:
Sleep apnea is a condition that causes disruptions to your breathing as you sleep. People with sleep apnea frequently wake up gasping or short of breath.
There are two types of sleep apnea: obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea, the most common type, occurs when the muscles in the back of your throat relax as you sleep, constricting your airways.
Insomnia refers to a prolonged inability to fall or stay asleep through the night. A number of issues, including stress, anxiety, mental disorders, poor sleep habits, and inactivity, can cause insomnia. Certain medications can also disrupt your sleep patterns.
Most people experience insomnia at some point in their life, but it’s typically short-lived. Chronic insomnia refers to symptoms that last longer than a month.
Restless legs syndrome (RLS)
Restless legs syndrome causes an uncontrollable urge to move your legs that typically worsens during the evening and bedtime hours. People with RLS experience unpleasant sensations in the legs and feet that lessens with movement.
How are sleep disorders diagnosed?
In order to diagnose your sleep disorder, you have to undergo a sleep study. ECCA provides both in-house polysomnography and home sleep tests.
Polysomnography takes place at the ECCA sleep lab in Manchester. During the overnight in-house sleep study, sensors are attached to your scalp, temples, chest, and legs. These sensors monitor your brain waves, oxygen levels, heart rate, and breathing, as well as your eye, leg, and feet movements.
A home sleep test is a sleep study performed in the comfort of your home. A home sleep test device monitors your breathing, oxygen levels, and breathing effort as you sleep. Home sleep tests are a simple and convenient way to gather details about your sleep health.
How are sleep disorders treated?
Treatment for your sleep disorder depends on your diagnosis. Treatment for sleep disorders include:
- Lifestyle modifications
- Behavioral therapy
- Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy
After your sleep study, you and your ECCA doctor discuss your diagnosis and treatment options. To schedule your sleep disorders visit, book an appointment by phone or online today.